Breaking Down Barriers for Low-Income College Bound Students: a Case-Study of Five College Access Programs

Jennifer Damico

Abstract

For this case study, a mixed methods research approach was used to evaluate the components and best practices college access advisers used to influence low-income and first generation college bounds students’ matriculation into postsecondary school.  Qualitative data consisted of individual semi-structured interviews with each of the five advisers followed by observations of the advisers using the College Access Tool of Evaluation (CATE).  Quantitative data was collected using a Teacher Survey that asked teachers to reflect on the college going culture of the school. When given effective social supports and college going opportunities, low-income and first generation students can matriculate into universities.    

Keywords

College access, first generation college bound students, low-income students, social supports

Full Text:

PDF

References

References

ACT (2013). The condition of college & career readiness 2013. Iowa City, Iowa: American College

Testing.

Bailey, M. J. & Dynarski, S. M. D. (2011). Gains and gaps: Changing inequality in U.S. college entry

and completion. Cambridge, MA: The National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved from

Click to access w17633.pdf

Barnes, W. & Slate, J. R. (2010). College-Readiness: The current state of affairs. Academic

Leadership, The Online Journal, 8(4). Retrieved from

http://www.academicleadership.org/article/collegereadiness-the-current-state-of-affairs

Baum, S., Ma, J. & Payea, K. (2013). Education pays 2013: The benefits of higher education for

individuals and society. Trends in Higher Education Series. CollegeBoard. Retrieved

http://trends.collegeboard.com.

Bell, A. D., Rowan-Kenyon, H. T. & Perna, L. W. (2009). College knowledge of 9th and 11th grade

students: Variations by school and state context. Journal of Higher Education, 80, 663-685.

Bloom, D. E. (2007). Education, help, and development. Cambridge, MA: American Academy of Arts

and Sciences. Retrieved from http://amacad.org/publications/ubase_edu_health_dev.pdf

Boehner, J. A. & McKeon, H. B. (2003). The college cost crisis: A congressional analysis of college

costs and implications for America’s higher education system. U.S. House Committee on

Education and the Workforce. Retrieved from http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED479752.pdf

Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital . In J. G. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of Theory and

Research for the Sociology of Education, (241-258). New York, NY: Greenwood Press.

Bourdieu, P. (1973). Cultural reproduction and social reproduction. In Knowledge, Education, and

Cultural Change, R. Brown (Ed), 71-112. London.

Cashin, S. (2005). The failures of integration: How race and class are undermining the American

Dream. New York, NY: Public Affairs.

Farmer-Hinton, R. L. (2008). Creating opportunities for college access: Examining a school model

designed to prepare students of color for college. Multicultural Perspectives, 10(2), 73-81.

Gillen, A., Selingo, J. & Zatynski, M. (2013). Degrees of value: Evaluating the return on the college

investment. Education Sector at American Institute for Research. Washington, DC. Retrieved from

educationpolicy.air.org/publications/degrees-value-evaluating-return-college-investment

Haycock, K. & Peske, H. G. (2006). Teaching inequality : How poor and minority students are

shortchanged on teacher quality. Washington, DC: The Education Trust.

Lareau, A. (2011). Unequal childhoods: Class, race, and family life with an update a decade later.

Oakland, CA: University of California Press.

Marina, B. L. H. & Holmes, N. D. (2009). Bottom line: Education is the great equalizer, or is it?

About Campus, 14(3), 29-32.

Maslansky, M., West, S., DeMoss, G. & Saylor, D. (2010). The language of trust: Selling ideas in a

world of skeptics. New York, NY: Prentice Hall Press.

Massey, D. S., Charles, C. Z., Lundy, G. F., & Fischer M. J. (2003). The source of the river: The

social origins of freshman at America’s selective colleges and universities. Princeton, NJ:

Princeton University Press.

McDonough, P. M, (2005). Counseling matters: Knowledge, assistance and organizational

commitment in college preparation. In W. Tierney, Z. Corwin, & J. Colyar (Eds.), Preparing for

college: Nine elements of effective outreach. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

McDonough, P. M. (1997). Choosing colleges: How social class and schools structure opportunity.

Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

Merriam, S. B. & Associates. (2002). Qualitative research in practice: Examples for discussion and

analysis. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

National Center for Education Statistics (2011). The condition of education section 3 student effort

and educational progress. National Center for Educational Statistics, 62-81. Washington, DC:

U.S. Department of Education. Retrieved from nces.ed.gov/pubs2008/2008031_3.pdf

Nora, L. M. (2002). Academic medicine gets a poor report card: What are we going to do? Academic

Medicine, 77(10), 1062-1066.

Perna, L. W. & Titus, M. A. (2005). The relationship between parental involvement as social capital

and college enrollment. An examination of racial/ethnic group differences. The Journal of Higher

Education, 76(5), 485-518.

Petty, K. (2013). Merit based financial aid puts low income students at disadvantage. Independent

Voter Network. Retrieved from http://ivn.us/2013/09/30/merit-based-financial-aid-puts-low-

income-students-at disadvantage/

Polke, C. (2014, October 5). Woodland Hills strives and struggles to achieve equality. Pittsburgh

Post-Gazette. Retrieved from http://www.post-gazette.com

Sanbonmatsu, L., Kling, J., Duncan, G., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2006). Neighborhoods and academic

achievement: Results from the “Moving to Opportunity” experiment. Journal of

Human Resources, 41(4), 649-691.

Santow, M. & Rothstein, R. (2012). A different kind of choice: Educational inequality and the

continuing significance of racial segregation. Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute.

Retrieved from http://www.epi.org/publication/educational-

Stake, R. (2005). Qualitative case studies, in N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.) The Sage

Handbook of Qualitative Research (3rd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.



Categories: 2016, Articles - JETEN, Urban Education

Tags: , , ,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: